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Events of The Holy Month of Ramadan

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The month of Ramadan holds a special place in the heart of the Islamic tradition, not only for its spiritual significance as a time of fasting, prayer, and reflection but also as a period rich with historical events that have significantly influenced the Muslim community. This sacred month is observed by Muslims around the globe as an opportunity for spiritual renewal and moral realignment. Beyond its religious observances, Ramadan serves as a reminder of key historical moments—ranging from battles that defined the early Muslim community’s resilience to the peaceful revelations that offered guidance and solace to believers. These events, occurring across different epochs, illustrate the profound impact of this holy month on the fabric of Islamic history.

Imam Hasan’s birth reminds the faithful of the virtues of patience and unity, while Imam Ali’s martyrdom underscores the values of justice and steadfast faith. Laylat al-Qadr represents a time for prayer, forgiveness, and reflection on the divine guidance bestowed upon humanity. Collectively, these events enrich the Ramadan experience, deepening the community’s connection to their faith and history.

EventDateHijri Year (AH)
Death of Lady Nafisa; descendant of Imam Hasan1 Ramadan208 AH
Death of Ibn Sina; philosopher, scientist, doctor1 Ramadan428 AH
Death of Sheikh Al-Mufid; theologian, jurist2 Ramadan413 AH
Start of Imam Reza’s (AS) vicegerency6 Ramadan201 AH
Start of the Battle of Qadisiyyah7 Ramadan14 AH
Death of Lady Khadijah (AS)10 Ramadan10 years after Prophethood
Arrival of first letters from Kufans to Imam Hussein (AS)10 Ramadan60 AH
Brotherhood between Migrants and Ansar, and between Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) and Imam Ali (AS)12 Ramadan1 AH
Death of Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf13 Ramadan95 AH
Arrival of letters from notables of Kufa to Imam Hussein (AS)14 Ramadan60 AH
Death of Al-Mukhtar Al-Thaqafi14 Ramadan67 AH
Birth of Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (AS)15 Ramadan3 AH
Marriage of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) to Zaynab bint Khuzayma15 Ramadan3 AH
Muslim bin Aqeel heads towards Kufa15 Ramadan60 AH
Martyrdom of Muhammad bin Abdullah (Al-Nafs Al-Zakiyya)15 Ramadan145 AH
Birth of Imam Al-Jawad (AS) (according to a narration)15 Ramadan195 AH
Birth of Sheikh Al-Tusi; jurist, hadith scholar15 Ramadan385 AH
EventDateHijri Year (AH)
Death of Sheikh Muhammad Reda Al-Muzaffar; jurist, usuli, founder of the College of Fiqh in Najaf16 Ramadan1383 AH
The Prophet’s (PBUH&HP) Ascension (Mi’raj) according to some narrations17 Ramadan5 years after Prophethood
Start of the Battle of Badr, the first battle of Muslims against the Quraysh led by the Prophet (PBUH&HP)17 Ramadan2 AH
The revelation of the Zabur (Psalms) to Prophet David (AS) according to some narrations17 Ramadan2 AH
Death of Sheikh Muhammad Reda Al-Muzaffar; jurist, Usuli, founder of the College of Fiqh in Najaf18 Ramadan
First Night of Qadr (Laylat al-Qadr)18 Ramadan1 year after Prophethood
First day of Qadr19 Ramadan1 year after Prophethood
Attack on Imam Ali (AS) by Ibn Muljim in the mosque of Kufa19 Ramadan40 AH
Second Night of Qadr (Laylat al-Qadr)20 Ramadan1 year after Prophethood
Conquest of Mecca by Muslims led by the Prophet (PBUH&HP) in response to Quraysh’s breach of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah20 Ramadan8 AH
Death of Prophet Moses (AS) and Joshua son of Nun, prophets of the Children of Israel, according to some narrations21 Ramadan
Ascension of Prophet Jesus (AS) to heaven according to some narrations21 Ramadan
Second Day of Qadr21 Ramadan1 year after Prophethood
Martyrdom of Imam Ali (AS)21 Ramadan40 AH
Execution of Ibn Muljim, the murderer of Imam Ali (AS)21 Ramadan40 AH
People’s allegiance to Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (AS) as caliph21 Ramadan1028 AH
Death of Sayyid Majid bin Hashim Al-Bahrani; jurist, hadith scholar, and poet21 Ramadan1104 AH
Death of Al-Hurr Al-Amili; jurist, hadith scholar, author of Wasa’il al-Shia21 Ramadan
Third Night of Qadr (Laylat al-Qadr)22 Ramadan1 year after Prophethood
Day of Qadr and the day of the Quran’s revelation (based on the possibility of one of three nights)23 Ramadan
Completion of Al-Mizan in the interpretation of the Quran by Allama Tabatabai, one of the Shiite Tafsirs23 Ramadan1392 AH
Death of Abu Lahab, the Prophet’s (PBUH&HP) uncle and a vehement enemy of Islam24 Ramadan2 AH
Death of Marwan ibn Al-Hakam, fourth Caliph of the Umayyads and an enemy of the Ahlulbayt (AS)24 Ramadan65 AH
Death of Allama Majlisi; one of the most famous hadith scholars and jurists among the followers of the Ahlulbayt (AS), author of Bihar al-Anwar (the largest Shiite hadith encyclopedia)27 Ramadan1110 AH
Disappearance of Imam Musa Al-Sadr27 Ramadan1398 AH
Birth of Allama Al-Hilli; jurist, theologian, hadith scholar, author of Kashf al-Murad and Nahj al-Haq in the doctrines of Shia29 Ramadan648 AH
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