Ramadan in Quran

Ramadan in the Quran

Table of Contents

Ramadan in the Quran is a fascinating subject indeed. The holy month of Ramadan is when God Almighty revealed the Noble Quran to His final Prophet, Muhammad, peace be upon him and his progeny. God mentions the name and characteristics of this month in the Noble Quran. God says in the Quran that Ramadan is the month in which He revealed the Quran to the Prophet and also a blessed month in which He has prescribed fasting for His servants. The name of this holy month has been mentioned once in the Quran in a group of verses that are known as “the verses of fasting” or Āyāt al-ṣiyām (آیات الصِّيام).

In this article, you are going to read:

Definition of Ramadan

Ramadan comes from the root word /rmḍ/, that means intense heat, and Ramadan means the intense heat of the sun. Ramadan is named so because the first month of Ramadan in history was during the summer season when the weather was the hottest. Ramadan is also one of the names of Allah.

The Verses of Fasting in the Month of Ramadan in the Quran

Verses 183-187 of surah Baqarah (سورَةُ البَقَرَة) are all about fasting in the month of Ramadan. Verse 183 states how fasting is not something that is confined to Muslims, but rather even people of other religions before Islam were also obligated to fast during certain days in the year. The verse also states that the goal of fasting is to be Godwary and pious. In reality, when one fasts, they are not only refraining from eating, drinking, and intercourse but also guarding themselves against sins, immorality, misbehavior, and crimes. The verse states:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ ﴿183﴾

O you who have faith! Prescribed for you is fasting as it was prescribed for those who were before you, so that you may be Godwary.

The Quran: Fasting in the Month of Ramadan is Not Obligatory for Some People

Verse 184 of surah Baqarah, meaning the second verse of fasting, states:

  1. The period of obligatory fasting is limited to a single month.
  2. Whoever is sick or on a journey can compensate for their missed fast in another month.
  3. Those who cannot bear the difficulty of fasting can feed the needy as a substitute for their not fasting.
  4. Anyone who does good is for the good of himself
  5. To fast is better for us if we only knew.

Those who are sick can break their fast during the day, but they should know that they must make up for it after the month of Ramadan and in another month. For those on a journey, if they set off before the noon adhan, after traveling a distance of about 41-45 kilometers, they must break their fast. However, if they leave the city after the noon adhan, they must keep their fast.

Ramadan: The Month of the Revelation of the Quran

Verse 184 of surah Baqarah is a very well-known verse of the Quran that states that God Almighty revealed the Noble Quran to His prophet in the holy month of Ramadan. This is the only place and only verse in the Quran in which God mentions the name, Ramadan. Our narrations state that Ramadan is one of the names of God and that it is best if we do not say it by itself when referring to the month of fasting. In other words, instead of saying, “Ramadan has arrived,” we should say, “The month of Ramadan has arrived.” This is precisely what the Quran has done, where it says, شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ. Shahr (شَهر) means month, and Ramadan is the name of the month.

On What Day of the Month of Ramadan was the Quran Revealed?

The Noble Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan on the night of Laylat al-Qadr, or the Night of Ordainment. The Quran expressly states this fact in surah Qadr :

بِّسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the Name of Allah, the All-beneficent, the All-merciful

إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ ﴿1﴾

Indeed We sent it down on the Night of Ordainment.

In this holy month, God Almighty revealed the entire Quran to the heart of the Noble Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny. This night is very sacred as God revealed the entire Quran all at once to the Noble Prophet, and every matter is decided on this night. Surah Dukhān (سورَةُ الدُّخان) speaks of this fact:

بِّسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the Name of Allah, the All-beneficent, the All-merciful

حم ﴿1﴾

Ha, Meem.

وَالْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ ﴿2﴾

By the Manifest Book!

إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ ۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنذِرِينَ ﴿3﴾

We sent it down on a blessed night, and We have been warning [mankind].

فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ ﴿4﴾

Every definitive matter is resolved on it,

أَمْرًا مِّنْ عِندِنَا ۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُرْسِلِينَ ﴿5﴾

as an ordinance from Us. We have been sending [apostles] (5) [Translation by Qara’i]

God Says in the Quran: He is Very Close to Us in the Month of Ramadan

Verse 186, as the fourth verse among the verses of fasting in the Quran reminds of us a very important matter. God says that if My servant calls me in this month, he should know that I am very close to him; that I will answer the prayer of the one who prays. “So let them respond to Me, and let them have faith in Me, so that they may fare rightly.” 1 God Almighty is very close to us, especially in the month of Ramadan. In surah Qāf (سورَةُ ق), God says that He is closer to us than our jugular vein. 2 If we sincerely pray to God and be good and perform our religious duties, God will answer our prayer. However, if our prayer is not in our interest, it would be answered in another way. For example, God would:

  • Erase some of our sins
  • Give us something else that is better in this world
  • Reward us in the hereafter
  • Repel evil from us in this world and the next

The Month of Ramadan is the Month of Fasting

Verse 187 of surah Baqarah talks about specific laws of fasting that those who fast must observe during Ramadan. Firstly, God says that having intercourse is only allowed during the night of the month of Ramadan when eating and drinking are also allowed. God says He knew that if He made it forbidden, we would surely betray ourselves and engage in it. Therefore, he allowed it during the nights of the month of Ramadan. God says in this verse:

أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ لَيْلَةَ الصِّيَامِ الرَّفَثُ إِلَىٰ نِسَائِكُمْ ۚ هُنَّ لِبَاسٌ لَّكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لِبَاسٌ لَّهُنَّ ۗ عَلِمَ اللَّـهُ أَنَّكُمْ كُنتُمْ تَخْتَانُونَ أَنفُسَكُمْ فَتَابَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَعَفَا عَنكُمْ ۖ فَالْآنَ بَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَابْتَغُوا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّـهُ لَكُمْ ۚ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ الْخَيْطُ الْأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الْخَيْطِ الْأَسْوَدِ مِنَ الْفَجْرِ ۖ ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ ۚ وَلَا تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَأَنتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ ۗ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّـهِ فَلَا تَقْرَبُوهَا ۗ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّـهُ آيَاتِهِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ ﴿187﴾

You are permitted on the night of the fast to go into your wives: they are a garment for you, and you are a garment for them. Allah knew that you would betray yourselves, so He pardoned you and excused you. So now consort with them and seek what Allah has ordained for you, and eat and drink until the white streak becomes manifest to you from the dark streak at the crack of dawn. Then complete the fast until nightfall, and do not consort with them while you dwell in confinement in the mosques. These are Allah’s bounds, so do not approach them. Thus does Allah clarify His signs for mankind so that they may be Godwary. 3

When Can We Eat and Drink?

As verse 187 clearly stated, one should refrain from eating once dawn arrives and the fajr or dawn adhan is chanted. The time one can once again eat is when the maghrib adhan is chanted. It is very important to know that not eating and drinking is also good for our body. Nowadays, many athletes and non-athletes fast due to the health benefits that it has. When one fasts, the body is detoxified meaning all the toxins that have been accumulated in the body are excreted. However, it is also important to note that fasting also has benefits for the soul. When one fasts, one can easily engage in acts of worship without being preoccupied by things he can eat during the day. Above all, fasting is for self-building and becoming a true Muslim who is obedient to God and submits fully to Him.

The Month of Ramadan: The Month of the Quran and God’s Feast

The month of Ramadan is likened to the feast of God. We are all God’s guests in this month. In fact, the month of Ramadan has some special characteristics that differentiate it from other months. In this month:

  1. Breathing is like saying dhikr (remembrance and glorification of God).
  2. Sleeping is like worshipping God.
  3. Reciting one verse of the Quran is equal to reciting the entire Quran in other months.
  4. The Satan is chained.
  5. Whoever gives alms in this month, God will repel 70 calamities from him.

That is why the month of Ramadan is also known as the spring of the Quran. In fact, the number one thing that is relevant to this month is undoubtedly the Quran. As a result, one should try to recite the Quran as much as one can in this month. Our Prophet and Imams have recommended that one recites at least one juz each day in this month so that by the end of the month, one has recited the entire Quran.


References

  1. Quran 2:186 (Qara’i).
  2. Cf. Quran 50:16 (Qara’i).
  3. Quran 2:187 (Qara’i).
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Abu Mahdi
Abu Mahdi
I'm Abu Mahdi, one of the writers of this blog. I have a BA in English literature and an MA in English language teaching. I am also a teacher and reciter of the Quran in the field of reading the Quran, tajweed, and maqamat. Currently, we are working on a course for learning tajweed of the Quran here on Islam4u.

One Response

  1. It doesnt make any sense the month of ‘scorching heat’ changing.
    The first month of this was summer because thats the only month it can be in
    “A month of scorching heat was that in which the Qur’an was sent down” “So whoso among you witnesses the moon, let him fast in it.”
    people didnt know when their children were born, they marked every occasion based on the season I.e ‘cutting the grass/ snowing / really hot.(in arabia)

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