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Events of the Month Dhul-Qi’dah

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In the serene progression of the Islamic lunar calendar, Dhul-Qi’dah emerges as the eleventh month, marked not just by its position as one of the sacred months in which warfare was traditionally forbidden, but also as a period of spiritual reflection and preparation. As we journey through Dhul-Qi’dah, the penultimate chapter before the culmination of the Islamic year, the calendar beckons the faithful to slow down, contemplate, and gather strength for the spiritual heights of Dhul-Hijjah that follow. This article unfolds the key events and observances of Dhul-Qi’dah, chronicling them by dates, to provide a comprehensive overview of its significance and the roles it plays in the lives of millions.

Death of Abu Talib; father of Amir al-Mu’minin (peace be upon him) (according to a narration)1 Dhu al-Qi’dah10th year of the mission
Conclusion of the Battle of Banu Qaynuqa; the Prophet’s (PBUH) first war against the Jews of Medina (according to a narration)1 Dhu al-Qi’dah2 AH
Conclusion of the Battle of the Trench, initiated by a plot from the Banu Nadir tribe (according to a narration)1 Dhu al-Qi’dah5 AH
Start of Mecca’s siege by Hajjaj ibn Yusuf al-Thaqafi1 Dhu al-Qi’dah72 AH
Birth of Lady Ma’sumah (peace be upon her)1 Dhu al-Qi’dah173 AH
Martyrdom of Sayyid Muhammad al-Sadr; a prominent Iraqi Marja3 Dhu al-Qi’dah1419 AH
Death of Sayyid Ibn Tawus; scholar, mystic, and leader of the Talibiyyin during Mongol rule, author of ‘Iqbal al-A’mal’ and ‘Al-Lohoof’5 Dhu al-Qi’dah664 AH
Birth of Sayyid Muhammad Saeed al-Hakim; a prominent Iraqi Marja8 Dhu al-Qi’dah1354 AH
Muslim ibn Aqil’s letter to Imam Hussein (peace be upon them) for allegiance from a large group of Shia in Kufa, inviting the Imam to Kufa11 Dhu al-Qi’dah60 AH
Birth of Imam al-Ridha (peace be upon him); the eighth Imam of the Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them)11 Dhu al-Qi’dah148 AH
Birth of Sheikh al-Mufid; theologian, jurist, and author of ‘Al-Irshad’ detailing the lives of the Imams of the Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them)11 Dhu al-Qi’dah336 AH or 338 AH
Beginning of the Fakh incident; an Alawi rebellion against the Abbasids led by the owner of Fakh13 Dhu al-Qi’dah169 AH
Completion of ‘Majma’ al-Bayan’ by Sheikh Fadl ibn Hassan al-Tabarsi15 Dhu al-Qi’dah536 AH
Birth of Sheikh Muhammad Hussein Ghroui Naini; Marja and supporter of the constitutional movement, declared jihad against British occupation of Iraq during WWI15 Dhu al-Qi’dah1276 AH
Birth of Sheikh Hassan Ali Nakhudaki Esfahani; jurist, philosopher, and mystic15 Dhu al-Qi’dah1279 AH
Death of Sheikh Abdul Karim Ha’eri; founder and leader of the Qom Seminary17 Dhu al-Qi’dah1355 AH
Death of Sheikh Muhammad Hussein Kashif al-Ghita; jurist, exegete, philosopher, and author of ‘Asl al-Shia wa Usuluha’ on Shia beliefs18 Dhu al-Qi’dah1373 AH
Battle of Banu Qurayza; the last of the Prophet’s (PBUH) battles against the Jews of Medina23 Dhu al-Qi’dah4 AH
Martyrdom of Imam al-Ridha (peace be upon him); the eighth Imam of the Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them) (according to a narration)23 Dhu al-Qi’dah203 AH
Imam al-Ridha’s (peace be upon him) departure from Medina towards Marw24 Dhu al-Qi’dah200 AH
Day of Dahw al-Ardh, fasting is recommended25 Dhu al-Qi’dah
Birth of Prophets Ibrahim and Isa ibn Maryam (peace be upon them) (according to some narrations)25 Dhu al-Qi’dah
Birth of Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr; jurist, thinker, and author of ‘Our Economics’ on Islamic economy25 Dhu al-Qi’dah1353 AH
The Prophet’s (PBUH) departure from Medina towards Mecca for the Farewell Pilgrimage (according to Sheikh al-Tusi in ‘Tahdhib al-Ahkam’)26 Dhu al-Qi’dah10 AH
Treaty of Hudaybiyyah between the Prophet (PBUH) and the Meccan polytheists28 Dhu al-Qi’dah6 AH
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