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Islamic Events » Events of the Month of Rabi’ Al-Awwal.

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Rabi’ al-Awwal is one of the significant months in the Islamic lunar calendar, laden with historical and spiritual milestones. The events of this month encompass pivotal moments that have shaped the course of Islamic history. Most prominently, Rabi’ al-Awwal is celebrated by Muslims worldwide as the birth month of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله). Additionally, it holds other events like the birth of Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (عليه السلام) and Imam Al-Ridha (عليه السلام), the migration of the Prophet to Medina, and other significant incidents that echo the resilience, faith, and love that have been integral to Islam’s heritage. Reflecting on these events provides Muslims with a renewed understanding and connection to their rich religious legacy.

EventDayYear
Night of the Prophet’s stay and migration1st of Rabi’ al-Awwal1 AH
The Prophet’s entrance into the cave of Thawr and his stay there during his migration to Medina1st of Rabi’ al-Awwal1 AH
Attack on the house of Lady Fatima al-Zahra (Peace be upon her):1st of Rabi’ al-Awwal11 AH
The onset of Imam Hasan al-Askari’s illness1st of Rabi’ al-Awwal260 AH
Martyrdom of Imam Hasan al-Askari, according to a narration:1st of Rabi’ al-Awwal260 AH
The Prophet’s expedition against the Bani Lihyan1st of Rabi’ al-Awwal6 AH
Killing of Masoor bin Mukhrama, a companion of the Prophet and a supporter of Abdullah bin al-Zubair in his war against Yazid bin Muawiya in Mecca1st of Rabi’ al-Awwal64 AH
Revolt of the Tawwabin in Kufa led by Sulaiman bin Surd al-Khuzai against the Umayyad government1st of Rabi’ al-Awwal65 AH
Death of Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Musa al-Mubraqa, known as al-A’raj, a descendant of Imam al-Jawad and the chief of the Sayyids in Qom1st of Rabi’ al-Awwal315 AH
Burning of the Kaaba and it being targeted by catapults by Yazid bin Muawiya’s army3rd of Rabi’ al-Awwal64 AH
The Prophet’s (Peace be upon him and his family) departure from the cave of Thawr and his heading towards Medina:3rd of Rabi’ al-Awwal1 AH
Death of Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Bahrani (al-Muhaddith al-Bahrani), a jurisprudent, hadith scholar, moderate historian, and author of “al-Hada’iq al-Nazira”4th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1186 AH
Liberation of the city of Nishapur by the Muslim army4th of Rabi’ al-Awwal42 AH
Death of Lady Sakina, daughter of Imam Hussain in Medina5th of Rabi’ al-Awwal117 AH
Martyrdom of the second martyr, the author of the book “al-Rawdah al-Bahiyya”5th of Rabi’ al-Awwal965 AH
Death of Sayyid Ali al-Qadi al-Tabatabai, a jurisprudent, knower, and ethics teacher in Najaf al-Ashraf (29 January 1947)5th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1366 AH
Death of Sheikh Muhammad Baqir al-Sabzawari, known as al-Muhaddith al-Sabzawari, a jurisprudent, philosopher, theologian, and Imam of Friday prayers in Isfahan during the reign of Shah Abbas II Safawi6th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1090 AH
Martyrdom of Imam Hasan al-Askari (Peace be upon him), the eleventh Imam from the Imams of the Ahl al-Bayt8th of Rabi’ al-Awwal260 AH
Beginning of the Minor Occultation8th of Rabi’ al-Awwal260 AH
Death of Hisham bin Abdul Malik, the tenth caliph of the Umayyads, who ordered the killing of Imam Muhammad al-Baqir8th of Rabi’ al-Awwal125 AH
Birth of Sayyid Ali al-Husseini al-Sistani, one of the prominent Marja’s of Najaf (4 August 1930)9th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1349 AH
Start of the leadership of Imam al-Mahdi (May Allah hasten his reappearance)9th of Rabi’ al-Awwal260 AH
Death of Omar bin Saad, the commander of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad’s army in the Battle of Karbala9th of Rabi’ al-Awwal66 AH
The Prophet’s (Peace be upon him and his family) marriage to Lady Khadija, the mother of Lady Fatima al-Zahra and the first woman to embrace Islam9th of Rabi’ al-AwwalYear of the Elephant
Death of Ibn Qulawayh al-Qummi, one of the Shia hadith scholars and narrators, and the author of the complete book on supplications and visits10th of Rabi’ al-Awwal368 AH  
Death of Abdul Muttalib, the Prophet’s grandfather (Peace be upon him and his family), the elder of Quraish, and one of Mecca’s nobles:10th of Rabi’ al-AwwalYear 8 of the Elephant
Birth of Agha Buzurk al-Tehrani, the jurist, historian, and author of the book “Al-Dhari’ah to the Shia writings,” which chronicles the writings of Shia scholars and their narrators (6 April 1876)10th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1293 AH
Birth of Lady Nafisa, the hadith scholar and the memorizer of the Holy Quran, daughter of Hasan bin Zaid, one of the descendants of Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (Peace be upon him)11th of Rabi’ al-Awwal145 AH
Birth of Imam al-Ridha (Peace be upon him), the eighth Imam from the Imams of the Ahl al-Bayt (Peace be upon them), according to one narration11th of Rabi’ al-Awwal153 AH
Birth of the Prophet Muhammad, according to the Sunni narration, and the beginning of the Islamic Unity Week11th of Rabi’ al-AwwalYear of the Elephant
The Prophet’s entry into Medina:12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1 AH
Construction of the Quba Mosque by the command of the Prophet12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1 AH
Beginning of the obligation of prayer12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1 AH
Birth of Sayyid Ali al-Tabatabai al-Haeri, one of the Shia jurists and author of “Riyadh al-Masa’il,” which is a complete course in deductive jurisprudence12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1161 AH
Victory of the Abbasids and the end of Umayyad rule:12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal132 AH
Death of Ahmad bin Hanbal, one of the hadith scholars and jurists of the four Sunni schools, and author of the book “Virtues of Amir al-Mu’minin”12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal241 AH
Death of al-Mu’tasim al-Abbasi, the eighth of the Abbasid caliphs who ordered the killing of Imam Muhammad al-Jawad12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal277 AH
Beginning of Mukhtar’s revolt12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal66 AH
Birth of Sayyid Ahmed al-Husseini al-Ashkouri, the manuscript investigator (29 July 1931)12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1350 AH
Liberation of Jerusalem by the Muslim army:13th of Rabi’ al-Awwal16 AH
Death of al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli, the jurisprudent, the foundationalist, and author of the book “Shara’i’ al-Islam in Jurisprudence” (21 August 1277):13th of Rabi’ al-Awwal676 AH
Death of Ali bin Hilal al-Karki, the jurisprudent and hadith scholar, and the “Sheikh of Islam” during the reign of Shah Tahmasp the First13th of Rabi’ al-Awwal984 AH
Death of Yazid bin Muawiya; the second of the Umayyad caliphs, who ordered the killing of Imam Hussain (Peace be upon him) and his companions in Karbala13th of Rabi’ al-Awwal64 AH
The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him and his family) led the first Friday prayer:14th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1 AH  
Birth of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him and his family)17th of Rabi’ al-AwwalYear of the Elephant
Unveiling of the re-gilding of the dome of Imam Ali’s shrine (17th December 2016)17th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1438 AH
Birth of Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq, the sixth Imam from the Imams of Ahl al-Bayt17th of Rabi’ al-Awwal83 AH
The Battle of Banu Nadir, from the Prophet Muhammad’s campaigns against the Jews of Banu Nadir in Medina due to their treaty violation17th of Rabi’ al-Awwal4 AH
Death of Muhammad Hassan al-Muzaffar, jurist, theologian, author, professor at the Najaf seminary, and author of “Signs of Truth in Shia Beliefs” (9th November 1955)22nd of Rabi’ al-Awwal1375 AH
Death of Mirza Jawad Agha Tehrani, a jurisprudent who taught ethics, Islamic knowledge, Islamic beliefs, and Tafsir (Quranic exegesis), and one of the major figures of the analytical school in Mashhad (24th October 1989)23rd of Rabi’ al-Awwal1410 AH
Entry of Lady Fatima al-Ma’sumah into Qom23rd of Rabi’ al-Awwal201 AH
Death of Sayyid al-Murtada, a jurisprudent and theologian, and one of the pioneers of the idea of Ijtihad in Shia jurisprudence23rd of Rabi’ al-Awwal436 AH
Battle of Dumat al-Jandal25th of Rabi’ al-Awwal5 AH
Treaty of Imam Hassan with Muawiya25th of Rabi’ al-Awwal41 AH
Death of Sayyid Mohsen al-Tabataba’i al-Hakim, one of the Shia Marja’ (religious authority), and father of Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim (2nd June 1970)26th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1390 AH
Death of Sayyid Muhammad al-Firuzabadi, one of the jurisprudents and professors of Najaf seminary (7th October 1926)27th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1345 AH
Death of Sayyid Hussein al-Tabataba’i “Bahr al-Uloom,” one of the jurisprudents and professors of Najaf seminary (22nd June 2001)29th of Rabi’ al-Awwal1422 AH
Birth of Imam Hussein, according to a certain narration30th of Rabi’ al-Awwal3 AH  
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