Dua in the Quran (دعاء) is an intriguing topic. The plural of dua which is adʿiya (أدْعِيَة) literally means ‘invocation’; it is a direct link between the servant and the creator by means of which the servant displays his utter poverty in the presence of the All-Powerful Lord and asks Him for help. The best dua is one which comes from a pure and chaste heart. A Muslim can ask for anything from Allah, be it material, ethical or spiritual, big or small. There is no limit and the list goes on!
In this article the following topics are discussed:
وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ ۖ أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ ۖ فَلْيَسْتَجِيبُوا لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُوا بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُونَ ﴿186﴾
When My servants ask you about Me, [tell them that] I am indeed nearmost. I answer the supplicant’s call when he calls Me. So let them respond to Me, and let them have faith in Me, so that they may fare rightly. 1
In this article, you will find the definition of dua in Islam, what to ask in a dua, how many ad’iya are included in the Quran, the most powerful ad’iya and the benefits of dua.
What is Dua in Islam?
Dua (دعاء), the plural of which is adʿiya (أدْعِيَة) literally means ‘invocation’; it is a direct link between the servant and the creator by means of which the servant displays his utter poverty in the presence of the All-Powerful Lord and asks Him for help. The best dua is one which comes from a pure and chaste heart.
The Prophet of mercy, Muhammad (peace be upon him and progeny) says in a hadith:
” الدعاء سلاح المؤمن، و عمود الدين، و نور السماوات و الارض”
“Supplication is the believer’s weapon, the pillar of religion and the light of the heavens and the earth.” 2
What to ask for in your Dua
A Muslim can ask for anything from God, be it material, ethical or spiritual, big or small. There is no limit!
One can ask for a house, a car, tranquility and peace of mind in life, God’s satisfaction in one’s affairs, good akhlaq (temperament), felicity in this world and the next and even the salt in one’s food.
Sometimes you have all you want in the world, yet feel left out and lonely. You feel the need to talk to someone you are certain hears you, knows what is in your heart and would answer your call. This concept is known in Islam as dua or supplication.
What Does Allah say About Dua in the Quran?
وَقَالَ رَبُّكُمُ ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِي سَيَدْخُلُونَ جَهَنَّمَ دَاخِرِينَ
“Your Lord has said, ‘Call Me, and I will hear you!’ Indeed those who are disdainful of My worship will enter hell in utter humiliation.” 3
In the aforementioned verse, God Himself validates the link of dua between His servants and Himself and invites all to call upon Him and promises that He will not leave the calls and supplications of his servants unanswered.
In fact, dua is a kind of monotheistic worship of the Lord. It simply means declaring the oneness of God and imploring divine assistance in all the affairs of one’s life from only one infinite power.
How Many Duas are There in the Quran?
There are more than 100 supplications and invocations in the Quran, some of which are uttered by Prophets of God such as Adam along with his wife Eve (who was not a prophet), Noah, Ibrahim, Yusuf, some others by the angels and a number of Ad’iya are by the believers.
What is the Most Powerful Dua in the Quran?
One cannot definitely say that there is only one most powerful Dua in the Quran. There are many powerful adʿiya in the Quran, each recited for a particular purpose. For instance there are supplications asking for forgiveness, peace of mind at times of distress, supplications for requesting children, greater material and spiritual sustenance, protection from the enemy, supplications for guidance and other purposes. However, two of the most powerful verses in the Quran that could serve the purpose of Dua are:
أَمَّن يُجِيبُ الْمُضْطَرَّ إِذَا دَعَاهُ وَيَكْشِفُ السُّوءَ ﴿62﴾
“Or, Who listens to the (soul) distressed when it calls on Him, and Who relieves its suffering?” 4
حَسْبُنَا اللَّـهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ ﴿173﴾
“For us Allah sufficeth, and He is the best disposer of affairs.” 5
Dua in the Quran for Guidance to the Straight Path
Here the servant implores to God for the directions to a felicitous life in this world and the next. For a more detailed explanation in this regard please refer to the article ‘Surah Fatiha,’ which talks about this luminous chapter and all its qualities. 6
اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ ﴿6﴾
“Guide us on the straight path” 7
Dua in the Quran for Forgiveness
There are time we might approach the dissatisfaction of God by making a mistake or committing sins. We have the story of Adam and Eve approaching the forbidden tree in the Quran. Upon eating from the tree, they realize their having oppressed themselves and ask for forgiveness.8 God forgives them, yet as an outcome of their action, they are descended to the earth and given a second chance.
قَالَا رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ ﴿23﴾
“They said, ‘Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves! If You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.” 9
Dua in the Quran for Protection
وَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّـهَ مَوْلَاكُمْ ۚ نِعْمَ الْمَوْلَىٰ وَنِعْمَ النَّصِيرُ ﴿ ﴿40﴾
“If they refuse, be sure that Allah is your Protector – the best to protect and the best to help.” 10
Dua in the Quran for Sustenance
Sustenance is not confined to what one eats and drinks on a daily basis. What one learns of knowledge is accounted for as a kind of sustenance. There is also a spiritual kind of sustenance one can receive from God; for instance the feeling of proximity one has to God the result of which is the sensation of contentment and peace of mind are considered as spiritual sustenance. An essential point is that often one thinks and calculates matters about sustenance in one’s way yet God has His own ways.11
وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ ۚ وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّـهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ ۚ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّـهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا ﴿3﴾
and provide for him from whence he does not count upon. And whoever puts his trust in Allah, He will suffice him. Indeed Allah carries through His commands. Certainly, Allah has ordained a measure [and extent] for everything. 12
Dua in the Quran for Sickness
One of the servants of God who was inflicted with much hardship, including sickness, was Prophet Ayyub (Job). He implores God as thus for ease of his pains:
وَأَيُّوبَ إِذْ نَادَىٰ رَبَّهُ أَنِّي مَسَّنِيَ الضُّرُّ وَأَنتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ ﴿83﴾
And [remember] Job, when he called out to his Lord, ‘Indeed distress has befallen me, and You are the most merciful of the merciful.’ 13
Dua in the Quran for an Elevated Spiritual State
Ibrahim is among the prophets of God who is given the title of tender-hearted, someone who sighed a lot, was compassionate 14 and often supplicated to his Lord. Here we will mention the dua in the Quran attributed to Ibrahim which shows his concern for the hereafter, praying not to be disgraced on the Last Day and to have a lofty place in Paradise. For more on Ibrahim please read the article ‘Ibrahim in the Quran’.
وَاجْعَلْنِي مِن وَرَثَةِ جَنَّةِ النَّعِيمِ ﴿85﴾
And place me among the inheritors of the Garden of Pleasure….
… وَلَا تُخْزِنِي يَوْمَ يُبْعَثُونَ ﴿87﴾
And do not disgrace me on the Day they are [all] resurrected 15
Dua in the Quran for Children
Ibrahim was not granted a child until old age. The Noble Quran mentions his prayer for righteous offspring.
رَبِّ هَبْ لِي مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ ﴿100﴾
My Lord, grant me [a child] from among the righteous. 16
There is another beautiful dua in the Quran which shows that as parents, righteous servants of God are very sensitive about the fate of their children and pray to their Lord for good spouses and children.
وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا ﴿74﴾
And those who say, ‘Our Lord! Give us joy and comfort in our spouses and offspring, and make us imams of the Godwary.’ 17
Dua in the Quran for Salat
Salat is the pillar of one’s faith. Through salat one establishes one’s relationship with the one Lord of the universe and seeks helps solely from Him. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) concern for salat is explicitly manifested in the stated verse”
رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلَاةِ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي ۚ رَبَّنَا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعَاءِ ﴿40﴾
My Lord, make me an establisher of prayer, and [many] from my descendants. Our Lord, and accept my supplication. 18
Dua in the Quran Removing Distress and Agony
One of the beautiful implications of dua is at times of distress and pain when the servant feels helpless and invokes his Lord and He responds back. A number of verses in the Noble Quran relate the story of individuals, including prophets who invoked on God:19
وَنُوحًا إِذْ نَادَىٰ مِن قَبْلُ فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ فَنَجَّيْنَاهُ وَأَهْلَهُ مِنَ الْكَرْبِ الْعَظِيمِ ﴿76﴾
And before that Noah, when he called out, We responded to him and delivered him and his family from the great agony. 20
قَالَ إِنَّمَا أَشْكُو بَثِّي وَحُزْنِي إِلَى اللَّـهِ وَأَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللَّـهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ ﴿86﴾
He said, ‘I complain of my anguish and grief only to Allah. I know from Allah what you do not know.’ 21
Dua in the Quran for Patience
The fast pace of modern life has made us hasty individuals always on the run. As a matter of matter of fact, the Quran itself attributes haste with the human being.
وَيَدْعُ الْإِنسَانُ بِالشَّرِّ دُعَاءَهُ بِالْخَيْرِ ۖ وَكَانَ الْإِنسَانُ عَجُولًا ﴿11﴾
The prayer that man should make for good, he maketh for evil; for man is given to hasty (deeds). 22
We are thus instructed not to make hasty decisions; In other words, we are taught to learn patience and think and decide with wisdom and to be steady on the path of truth.
قَالُوا رَبَّنَا أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا وَانصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ ﴿250﴾
‘Our Lord, pour patience upon us, make our feet steady, and assist us against the faithless lot.’ 23
Dua in the Quran to Be Rescued From the Oppressors
اَلْحَمْدُ للّه الَّذی نَجّینا مِنَ الْقَوْمِ الظالمِینَ * وَقُلْ رَبِّ أَنْزِلْنی مُنْزَلاً مُبارَکاً وَأنْتَ خَیرُ المُنْزِلینَ.
‘‘All praise belongs to Allah, who has delivered us from the wrongdoing lot.’’ And say, ‘‘My Lord! Land me with a blessed landing, for You are the best of those who bring ashore.’’’ 24
رَبِّ انْصُرْنی بِما کذَّبُونِ
(The prophet) said: “O my Lord! help me: for that they accuse me of falsehood.” 25
Short Duas From the Quran
As cited earlier there are more than 100 supplications and invocations in the Noble Quran, a number of which are short supplications commencing with the phrase “Our Lord” (ربنا) which are stated below:
رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوْبَنَا بَعْدَ اِذْ ھدَيْتَنَا وَھبْ لَنَا مِنْ لَّدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ اِنَّكَ اَنْتَ الْوَھابُ ﴿8﴾
[Who say], “Our Lord, let not our hearts deviate after You have guided us and grant us from Yourself mercy. Indeed, You are the Bestower. 26
وَمِنْهُم مَّن يَقُولُ رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ ﴿201﴾
And among them there are those who say, ‘Our Lord, give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and save us from the punishment of the Fire.’
رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ ﴿127﴾
‘Our Lord, accept it from us! Indeed You are the All-hearing, the All-knowing. 27
Angelic Dua in the Quran?
The dua of the angels and those who bear the throne of God imply the message that supplicating to God has its own etiquette and has to be done in a specific manner. The same format has been observed by the Noble Prophet Muhammad and his purified progeny, namely in the glorious supplications of Imam Sajjad compiled in the weighty book ‘Sahifa al-Sajjadiya’.
Points to Be Understood From the Angels’ Dua in the Quran, in Other Words, ‘How to Say a Dua’:
- They praise their Lord and confirm their belief in His oneness by mentioning two of God’s attributes: mercy and knowledge;
- They then plead for the forgiveness of a specific group of people, only the believers;
- The believers are those who return to God by repenting and
- following His way
- The angels ask God to save this group from punishment of hell;
- And make them enter heaven
- Along with their family so that their joy would be multiplied.
- They end their dua by two other attribute of God: Might and wisdom.
لَّذِينَ يَحْمِلُونَ الْعَرْشَ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَيُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا رَبَّنَا وَسِعْتَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ رَّحْمَةً وَعِلْمًا فَاغْفِرْ لِلَّذِينَ تَابُوا وَاتَّبَعُوا سَبِيلَكَ وَقِهِمْ عَذَابَ الْجَحِيمِ ﴿7﴾
Those who bear the Throne, and those who are around it, celebrate the praise of their Lord and have faith in Him, and they plead for forgiveness for the faithful: ‘Our Lord! You embrace all things in mercy and knowledge. So forgive those who repent and follow Your way and save them from the punishment of hell.
رَبَّنَا وَأَدْخِلْهُمْ جَنَّاتِ عَدْنٍ الَّتِي وَعَدتَّهُمْ وَمَن صَلَحَ مِنْ آبَائِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجِهِمْ وَذُرِّيَّاتِهِمْ ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ ﴿ ﴿8﴾
Our Lord! Admit them into the Gardens of Eden, which You have promised them, along with whoever is righteous among their forebears, their spouses and their descendants. Indeed You are the All-mighty, the All-wise. 28
What are the Quranic Duas for Problems?
There are many ad’iya that could be recited at times of troubles and problems including the supplication mentioned in the section “Dua in the Quran removing Distress and Agony”. However, there is a unique supplication that could be uttered by the distressful servant called the Dhikr of Yunusiyah (ذکر یونسیه) meaning the call of Jonah:
وَذَا النُّونِ إِذ ذَّهَبَ مُغَاضِبًا فَظَنَّ أَن لَّن نَّقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ فَنَادَىٰ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ أَن لَّا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا أَنتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ ﴿87﴾
And [remember] the Man of the Fish, when he left in a rage, thinking that We would not put him to hardship. Then he cried out in the darkness, ‘There is no god except You! You are immaculate! I have indeed been among the wrongdoers!’ 29
The Quran confesses to the fact that upon the recitation of this Dua, Jonas was rescued from his trouble as he remained faithful to His Lord:
فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ وَنَجَّيْنَاهُ مِنَ الْغَمِّ ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُنجِي الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ﴿88﴾
So We answered his prayer and delivered him from the agony; and thus do We deliver the faithful. 30
Can Prayer Change Destiny?
The kingdom of the heavens and the earth belongs to God. 31 When God wills something, He just says it to ‘be’ and it will be. 32 However, God has willed that this universe operate by the laws of cause and effect.
One of the causes of change is dua. The Noble Quran is replete with instances of individuals and nations whose destiny was changed through supplication. For instance, we have earlier mentioned cases who overcame great distresses by their belief in God and dua, such as Prophet Noah, Jonah and Job.
Job (AS) Changes His Destiny With a Dua
Prophet Ayyub (Job) was in utter agony, struck by many afflictions, he loses all his children and becomes so sick with a contagious disease that the people of his town force him to leave his house. He makes a dua and his call to God is answered. He could have died in his state of agony yet he supplicates and his dua changes his destiny:
فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ فَكَشَفْنَا مَا بِهِ مِن ضُرٍّ ۖ وَآتَيْنَاهُ أَهْلَهُ وَمِثْلَهُم مَّعَهُمْ رَحْمَةً مِّنْ عِندِنَا وَذِكْرَىٰ لِلْعَابِدِينَ ﴿ ﴿84﴾
So We answered his prayer and removed his distress, and We gave him [back] his family along with others like them, as a mercy from Us and an admonition for the devout.
Ibrahim Changes the Destiny of the Universe
رَبَّنَا وَابْعَثْ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِّنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ ﴿129﴾
‘Our Lord, raise amongst them an apostle from among them, who will recite to them Your signs and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed You are the All-mighty, the All-wise.’ 34
In an enlightening narration from the Prophet of mercy, Muhammad (peace be upon him and progeny) we read,
أَنَا دَعْوَةُ أَبی إِبْراهیم
“I was [born and appointed as a prophet] by the dua of my father, Ibrahim.” 35
In other words, the fate of the entire universe was altered by the call of Ibrahim (AS) to his Lord for a pure generation who would be guides of mankind.
What Are the Benefits of Dua?
Dua has two main benefits including:
- Getting you closer to God
- Granting your requests
Dua Gets you Closer to God
In a beautiful hadith from Ja’far al-Sadiq (AS) we read,
عَلَيْكُمْ بِالدُّعَاءِ فَإِنَّكُمْ لَا تَقَرَّبُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَ لَا تَتْرُكُوا صَغِيرَةً لِصِغَرِهَا أَنْ تَدْعُوا بِهَا إِنَّ صَاحِبَ الصِّغَارِ هُوَ صَاحِبُ الْكِبَارِ
I advise you to supplication, for nothing gets you closer to God than Dua and do not abandon the Dua for small things because of their triviality for small requests are granted by the same hands who grants great requests. 36
Dua Grants Your Requests;
Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib (AS) states in a hadith:
أَنَا الضَّامِنُ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَهْجُسْ فِي قَلْبِهِ إِلَّا الرِّضَا أَنْ يَدْعُوَ اللَّهَ فَيُسْتَجَابَ لَهُ.
“I guarantee that God would grant the request of one in whose heart rests solely His satisfaction.” 37
Conditions of Acceptance of Dua
The verses of the Quran and narrations mention certain condition for the granting of one’s dua:
- Being a believer in God; 38
- Mentioning the name of God;
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and progeny) says,
لا يُرَدُّ دُعاءٌ أَوَّلُهُ بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحمنِ الرَّحيمِ
“The dua that starts with ‘in the name of God, the compassionate, the merciful’ will not be rejected.” 39
- Appointing more time to the needy [to pay their debt],
The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and progeny) says,
مَنْ أَرادَ تُسْتَجابُ دَعْوَتُهُ وَ أَنْ تُكْشَفَ كُرْبَتُهُ فَلْيُفَرِّجْ عَنْ مُعْسِرٍ؛
“One who desires his dua to be granted and his distress to go away must give more time to the needy.” 40
- Soft heart;
The messenger of God (peace be upon him and progeny) says,
اِغتَنِمُوا الدُّعاءَ عِندَ الرِّقَّةِ فَإِنَّها رَحمَةٌ؛
“Make your dua when the heart is softened for a softened heart is mercy.” 41
- Earning halal income and giving people’s due right;
Imam Sadiq (AS) says,
إِذَا أَرَادَ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يُسْتَجَابَ لَهُ فَلْيُطَيِّبْ كَسْبَهُ وَ لْيَخْرُجْ مِنْ مَظَالِمِ النَّاسِ.
“One who wants his dua to be accepted, ought to make his earning legal (halal) and pay people’s due right.” 42
- Obedience of parents;
Imam Sadiq (AS) says,
الذُّنُوبُ الَّتِي تَرُدُّ الدُّعَاءَ وَ تُظْلِمُ الْهَوَاءَ عُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْن
“The sin which prevents the granting of one’s request and leads to a bitter life is disobedience of parents.” 43
- Enjoining the right and forbidding the wrong;
- Following the progeny of the Noble Prophet;
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and progeny) says,
إِذَا لَمْ يَأْمُرُوا بِمَعْرُوفٍ وَ لَمْ يَنْهَوْا عَنْ مُنْكَرٍ وَ لَمْ يَتَّبِعُوا الْأَخْيَارَ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِي سَلَّطَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ شِرَارَهُمْ فَيَدْعُو عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ خِيَارُهُمْ فَلَا يُسْتَجَابُ لَهُم
When people stop enjoying to the right and forbidding the wrong and following my progeny, God will make the bad among them dominant over them and when the righteous among them make a dua, their prayers are not answered. 44
- Nightly vigils
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and progeny) says,
صَلَاةُ اللَّيْلِ مَرْضَاةٌ لِلرَّبِّ وَ… وَ إِجَابَةٌ لِلدُّعَاءِ وَ قَبُولٌ لِلْأَعْمَالِ وَ بَرَكَةٌ فِي الرِّزْق
“Nightly vigils bring about:
- God’s satisfaction,
- The granting of dua,
- Acceptance of deeds and
- Blessing in sustenance.” 45
Imam Musa al-Kazim says,
دعوة الصائم تستجاب عند افطاره؛
“The dua of the fasting person is granted at the time of breaking the fast.” 46
Do All Prayers Get Answered?
As indicated in the section ‘Conditions Facilitating the Granting of Dua’, the dua of certain people will not get accepted:
- The unbelievers;
- Those earning illegal income;
- Those disobeying parents;
- Cruel people who have no mercy on the underprivileged;
Essentially, if you observe the above mentioned conditions when making a dua, four possibilities exist as to the granting of your request:
- It gets accepted;
- Your dua is granted with a delay;
At times when a beloved servant of God makes a dua, God tells His angels, I want to hear the call of this dear servant of mine more, so I delay the granting of his/her request.47
- Your own dua is not granted yet you will be granted better than what you had asked for;
- Your dua will not be answered as it won’t be in favor of your faith and interest.
- [2:186] Qarai translation.
- Usul al-Kafi, vol. 2, on the chapter Dua, the part on “ان الدعا سلاح المومن” as cited in Tafsir Nemoneh, vol. 15, P. 175.
- [40:60] Qarai translations.
- [27:62] Yusuf Ali translation.
- [3:173] Yusuf Ali translation.
- See also [14:35]
- [1:6] Qarai translation.
- See also [14:41] and [60:5].
- [7:23] Qarai translation.
- [8:40] Yusuf Ali translation.
- See also [14:37].
- [65:3] Qarai translation.
- [21:83] Qarai translation.
- [26:85 & 87] Saheeh international.
- [37:100] Saheeh international.
- [25:74] Qarai translation.
- [14:40] Saheeh international.
- See [6:63-64], [21:87-88] and [37:75-76].
- [21:76] Qarai translation.
- [12:86] Qarai translation.
- [17:11] Yusuf Ali translation.
- [2:250] Qarai translation.
- [23:28-29] Qarai translation.
- [23:39] Ysufali translation.
- [3:8] Saheel international.
- [2:127] Qarai translation.
- [40:8] Qarai translation.
- [21:87] Qarai translation.
- [21:88] Qarai translation.
- [2:129] Qarai translation.
- Tafsir al-Burhan, vol. 1, p. 156.
- Al-Kafi, Vol. 2, p. 467, h. 6.
- Ibid, vol. 2, p. 62, h. 11.
- Rawandi, al-Da’awat, p. 52, h. 131.
- Nahjul Fisahah, p. 759, h. 2961.
- Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 90, p. 347, h. 14.
- Ibid, vol. 90, p. 321, h. 31.
- ‘Ilal al-Shara’ye’, vol. 2, p. 584, h. 27.
- Saduq, Amali, p. 308.
- Deilami, Irshad al-Qulub, vol. 1, p. 191.
- Makarim al-Akhlaq, p. 27.
- Fiqh al-Ridha, p. 345.