Events of The Month of Jumada Al-Awwal
The month of “Jumada Al-Awwal” (شهر جمادي الأولى) is the fifth month in the Islamic lunar calendar. It follows the month of Rabi’ Al-Thani and precedes Jumada Al-Thani. The name “Jumada,” derived from the Arabic root word “جمد” (jamad), means ‘dry’ or ‘frozen’, which historically relates to the dry or frozen state of water during this time of the year in the Arabian Peninsula.
Jumada Al-Awwal, like other months in the Islamic calendar, holds significance due to various historical events and religious observances. For example, some significant figures in Islamic history passed away during this month, and their memories are often commemorated. However, unlike the sacred months of Dhul Hijjah, Muharram, and Ramadan, Jumada Al-Awwal does not have specific religious rituals associated with it.
The Islamic lunar months are used to determine the dates of religious events and observances. Since the Islamic calendar is based on lunar cycles, the months are about 29 to 30 days long and shift annually by about 10 to 12 days earlier in the Gregorian calendar. This shifting nature allows Muslims around the world to observe their traditions and rituals in different seasons over time.
|Death of Sayyid Muhammad Al-Hujjah Al-Kohkamri, one of the Shia Maraji (religious authorities), a hadith scholar and rijal (biographical evaluation of narrators), and founder of the Hujjatiyya School in Qom.||3rd||1372 AH|
|Birth of Sayyida Zainab Al-Kubra (peace be upon her)||5th||5 AH|
|The Battle of Mu’tah between Muslims and the Romans.||5th||8 AH|
|Martyrdom of Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Makki Al-Amili (the First Martyr), a jurist and author of the book ‘Al-Lum’ah Al-Dimashqiyyah’ in jurisprudence.||9th||786 AH|
|Birth of Mulla Sadra, a philosopher, mystic, and founder of the Transcendent Philosophy school.||9th||980 AH|
|The beginning of the Battle of the Camel, the first of the wars during the caliphate of Amir al-Mu’minin (peace be upon him).||10th||36 AH|
|Martyrdom of Sayyida Fatimah (peace be upon her) according to the narration of 75 days (the first Fatimid days).||13th||11 AH|
|Birth of Imam Sajjad (peace be upon him), the fourth Imam of the Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them), according to a narration.||15th||38 AH|
|Birth of Mirza Shirazi, one of the Shia Maraji, and issuer of the fatwa prohibiting tobacco.||15th||1230 AH|
|Martyrdom of Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Al-Sadr, one of the Maraji of traditionalism, and a founder of the Islamic Dawa Party.||22nd||1400 AH|
|Martyrdom of Sayyida Bint al-Huda Al-Sadr, a writer and activist in Iraq.||22nd||1400 AH|
|Death of Ayatollah Sheikh Muhammad Taqi Bahjat (Rah), one of the religious authorities and teachers of jurisprudence, principles, and ethics in the seminary.||22nd||1430 AH|
|The beginning of the battle between the Tawabin and the army of Sham in the area of Ain al-Warda. 25th of Jumada||25th||65 AH|
|Death of Muhammad ibn Uthman al-Amri; the second ambassador of Imam Mahdi (may Allah hasten his reappearance) during the Minor Occultation.||29th||305 AH|