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Events of The Month of Jumada Al-Awwal

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The month of “Jumada Al-Awwal” (شهر جمادي الأولى) is the fifth month in the Islamic lunar calendar. It follows the month of Rabi’ Al-Thani and precedes Jumada Al-Thani. The name “Jumada,” derived from the Arabic root word “جمد” (jamad), means ‘dry’ or ‘frozen’, which historically relates to the dry or frozen state of water during this time of the year in the Arabian Peninsula.

Jumada Al-Awwal, like other months in the Islamic calendar, holds significance due to various historical events and religious observances. For example, some significant figures in Islamic history passed away during this month, and their memories are often commemorated. However, unlike the sacred months of Dhul Hijjah, Muharram, and Ramadan, Jumada Al-Awwal does not have specific religious rituals associated with it.

The Islamic lunar months are used to determine the dates of religious events and observances. Since the Islamic calendar is based on lunar cycles, the months are about 29 to 30 days long and shift annually by about 10 to 12 days earlier in the Gregorian calendar. This shifting nature allows Muslims around the world to observe their traditions and rituals in different seasons over time.

OccasionDay Year
Death of Sayyid Muhammad Al-Hujjah Al-Kohkamri, one of the Shia Maraji (religious authorities), a hadith scholar and rijal (biographical evaluation of narrators), and founder of the Hujjatiyya School in Qom. 3rd1372 AH
Birth of Sayyida Zainab Al-Kubra (peace be upon her)5th5 AH
The Battle of Mu’tah between Muslims and the Romans. 5th8 AH
Martyrdom of Shamsuddin Muhammad ibn Makki Al-Amili (the First Martyr), a jurist and author of the book ‘Al-Lum’ah Al-Dimashqiyyah’ in jurisprudence. 9th 786 AH
Birth of Mulla Sadra, a philosopher, mystic, and founder of the Transcendent Philosophy school. 9th 980 AH
The beginning of the Battle of the Camel, the first of the wars during the caliphate of Amir al-Mu’minin (peace be upon him). 10th 36 AH
Martyrdom of Sayyida Fatimah (peace be upon her) according to the narration of 75 days (the first Fatimid days). 13th11 AH
Birth of Imam Sajjad (peace be upon him), the fourth Imam of the Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them), according to a narration. 15th38 AH
Birth of Mirza Shirazi, one of the Shia Maraji, and issuer of the fatwa prohibiting tobacco. 15th1230 AH
Martyrdom of Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Al-Sadr, one of the Maraji of traditionalism, and a founder of the Islamic Dawa Party. 22nd1400 AH
Martyrdom of Sayyida Bint al-Huda Al-Sadr, a writer and activist in Iraq. 22nd1400 AH
Death of Ayatollah Sheikh Muhammad Taqi Bahjat (Rah), one of the religious authorities and teachers of jurisprudence, principles, and ethics in the seminary. 22nd 1430 AH
The beginning of the battle between the Tawabin and the army of Sham in the area of Ain al-Warda. 25th of Jumada25th 65 AH
Death of Muhammad ibn Uthman al-Amri; the second ambassador of Imam Mahdi (may Allah hasten his reappearance) during the Minor Occultation.29th305 AH
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