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 Events Of The Month Of Rabi’ Al-Thani

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Rabi’ al-Thani (also spelled Rabi’ al-Akhir) is the fourth month in the Islamic lunar calendar. The name “Rabi” translates to “spring” in Arabic, and “al-Thani” means “the second”, so “Rabi’ al-Thani” translates to “the second month of spring”. It’s important to note that the names of the Islamic months are derived from the pre-Islamic Arabian calendar, and they do not necessarily correspond to the actual weather seasons as the lunar year is 11 days shorter than the solar year.

The month of Rabi’ al-Thani is significant in Islamic history and also holds various spiritual and historical connotations in different Islamic traditions (Sunni, Shia, and others). Various events, such as the birthdays and death anniversaries of significant personalities in Islamic history, are commemorated in this month. Some of these events are marked with festivity, while others are observed with solemnity.

Different Muslim communities might observe diverse rituals, celebrations, or remembrances during Rabi’ al-Thani, depending on their cultural and theological perspectives. So, it is a month that might witness a variety of observances across the global Muslim Ummah (community).

OccasionDateYear (Hijri)
Osama’s army heads to the Roman war after the Prophet’s martydom (PBUH)1 Rabi’ al-Thani11 AH
The Tawwabin Revolution led by Sulayman bin Surad Al-Khuza’i1 Rabi’ al-Thani65 AH
Martyrdom of Imam Baqir (AS) (according to one narration)1 Rabi’ al-Thani114 AH
Birth of Sayyid Abdul Adhim Al-Hasani (AS), among the scholars and nobles of the Al-Hasani, and narrators of Hadith4 Rabi’ al-Thani173 AH
Birth of Imam Hasan Al-Askari (AS) (according to one narration)4 Rabi’ al-Thani232 AH
Death of Taj al-Ulama, the jurist, fundamentalist, speaker, and Shiite author from the Indian subcontinent4 Rabi’ al-Thani1312 AH
Death of Hisham bin Abdul Malik; the tenth Caliph of Bani Umayyah who ordered the killing of Imam Muhammad Baqir (AS)6 Rabi’ al-Thani125 AH
Martyrdom of Lady Fatimah Zahra (SA) according to the 40 days narration8 Rabi’ al-Thani11 AH
Birth of Imam Hasan Al-Askari (AS); the eleventh Imam of the Ahl al-Bayt (AS)8 Rabi’ al-Thani232 AH
Death of Sayyid Haydar Al-Hilli, a descendant of Zaid bin Ali, and a poet of the Ahl al-Bayt (AS) who wrote elegies for them9 Rabi’ al-Thani1304 AH
Death of Lady Masuma (SA) daughter of Imam Musa Al-Kadhim (AS) and sister of Imam Reza (AS)10 Rabi’ al-Thani201 AH
Birth of Imam Hasan Al-Askari (AS); the eleventh Imam of the Ahl al-Bayt (AS) – (according to a narration)10 Rabi’ al-Thani232 AH
Bombing of the dome of Imam Reza’s (AS) sanctuary by Russian soldiers10 Rabi’ al-Thani1330 AH
Birth of Ibn Khallikan, the Muslim historian, and author of the biographical book “Wafayat al-A’yan”11 Rabi’ al-Thani608 AH
The divine order to increase the number of Rak’ats in prayer to 1712 Rabi’ al-Thani1 AH
Beginning of the caliphate of Abi al-Abbas Abdullah Al-Saffah, the first Caliph of the Abbasids 12 Rabi’ al-Thani132 AH
Martyrdom of Lady Zahra (SA) (according to a narration) 13 Rabi’ al-Thani11 AH
Death of Mohammad Sadiq al-Tehrani, the exegete, jurist, and author of “Al-Furqan” in the interpretation of the Quran15 Rabi’ al-Thani1432 AH
Death of Sayyid Mahmoud Al-Hashemi Al-Shahroudi16 Rabi’ al-Thani1440 AH
Birth of Al-Muhaqqiq Al-Hilli, jurist, fundamentalist, poet, and author of “Shara’i’ al-Islam”18 Rabi’ al-Thani602 AH
Death of Sayyid Sadr al-Din al-Sadr, Father of Imam Musa al-Sadr19 Rabi’ al-Thani1373 AH
Death of Sheikh Mohammad Al-Nahawandi, the Shiite jurist and exegete, and author of “Nafahat al-Rahman”21 Rabi’ al-Thani1371 AH
Death of Sayyid Musa Al-Mubraqa; son of Imam Jawad (AS) and one of the narrators of Hadith22 Rabi’ al-Thani296 AH
Death of Mulla Mohammad Mohsen Al-Fayd Al-Kashani; narrator, Quranic exegete, and Akhbari jurist22 Rabi’ al-Thani1091 AH
Birth of Sheikh Mohammad Taqi Agha Najafi Esfahani; One of the persons in charge of the Tobacco Protest movement22 Rabi’ al-Thani1262 AH
Death of Sheikh Mohammad Ali Al-Haeri Al-Qumi, jurist, and traditionalist22 Rabi’ al-Thani1358 AH
Death of Mulla Ahmad Al-Naraqi; Author of the book “Mi’raj al-Sa’adah”23 Rabi’ al-Thani1245 AH
Death of Sayyid Ahmad Al-Khunsari; one of the Shiite jurists27 Rabi’ al-Thani1405 AH
Death of Allama Al-Amini; jurist, Author of the encyclopedia “Al-Ghadir”28 Rabi’ al-Thani1390 AH
Death of Zainab bint Khuzaymah, wife of the Prophet (PBUH) Rabi’ al-Thani……
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